Incontinence is not a disease, rather it is a sign that there is an underlying condition.

Incontinence can present itself in three different forms: urge incontinence, stress incontinence, and mixed incontinence: a a combination of both. Each form of this condition refers to the inability to control the bladder when the urge hits, resulting in leakage.

Urge Incontinence

Often referred to as “overactive bladder” or “spastic bladder,” urge incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine that typically occurs when a person has a sudden and strong urge to urinate. It is caused by abnormal bladder spasms that contract with enough force to override the sphincter muscles of the urethra, allowing urine to exit the body.

Stress Incontinence

Stress incontinence occurs because of a deficient urethral sphincter and/or weak pelvic floor muscles. This weakness can cause the bladder to leak while laughing, sneezing, coughing, or during exercise or intimacy. Most commonly, stress incontinence occurs after childbirth and menopause in women and after prostate cancer treatment in men.

Mixed Incontinence

Mixed incontinence is a combination of stress incontinence and urge incontinence. Typically one symptom is more severe than the other and that directly affects which care pathway your OAB Specialist will prescribe.